When it happens intentionally, the pregnancy is meant to be an exciting experience. The anticipation of the joy that motherhood brings is enough for every pregnant woman to go through nine months patiently reason. Moreover, as the fetus grows inside the mother , a certain connection is established between them by the very successful pregnancy. Despite the expected physiological changes including motion sickness, pregnancy should be enjoyed. However, when there is a significant imbalance in the health of the mother, the pregnancy becomes a burden. More specifically, disease processes that occur in every organ system adversely affect pregnancy. One example is the herpes and pregnancy. These two are the conditions in the body, the first and the second pathology is physiological. However, herpes like any other disease impairs the quality of life of the mother.
Herpes is a sexually transmitted infection. It is caused by a virus known as herpes simplex virus (HSV) which is in two types . HSV 1 causing oral herpes while HSV 2 causes genital herpes . Sometimes, either virus can affect both the body regions. Herpes and pregnancy is such a sensitive issue , because the disease can be transmitted from mother to baby. The outcome of a transaction of this type is definitely positive. On this basis, there should be the prevention of herpes in pregnancy. The mother usually infected through sexual contact with an infected person and through skin to skin contact. Once infected, a person may remain asymptomatic for a long time. Moreover, even after treatment, recurrence may still occur several months later.Symptoms manifest immediately after infection include painful blisters over the genital area , smelly vaginal discharge , itching around the genitals and flu symptoms. When symptoms appear much later after infection , are usually milder.
It is extremely important to protect the fetus from contracting this viral infection. The risk of transmission from mother to fetus varies depending on the gestational age of the pregnancy. During early pregnancy, in the first three months, there is a greater likelihood of transmitting the infection to the fetus. The evening – most of pregnancy carries a much higher risk of transmission of infection. Educate mothers to be on matters of herpes and pregnancy will prevent infection of their babies if they have the disease. Every pregnant woman has herpes should consult their doctor or midwife. This will help you plan to protect their babies.
The big question is, what are the possible complications that occur when the infection spreads to the baby? Well, depending on the stage of pregnancy, the effects vary. During the first quarter, the greatest danger is to develop a miscarriage. The probability of this happening is at the bottom , but that should not be taken lightly . The baby may not be affected at all. However, herpes and pregnancy in the third trimester is a lethal combination, especially in the last six weeks of pregnancy. The reason for this is that the body will not be able to produce antibodies against the virus within a short period. Consequently, the baby remains unprotected. You can be infected when in contact with genital ulcers during vaginal delivery. The baby then develops what is known as neonatal herpes.
Neonatal herpes is a rare occurrence with about one or two babies in a population of hundreds of thousands to get it. However, when this happens, it is very dangerous for life. Start manifesting within the first twenty eight days of age with multiple systemic symptoms. It affects the central nervous system with possible mental retardation . It also leads to eye infections , throat and skin. Constitutional symptoms such as irritability, lack of appetite and fever are also presented. Sometimes fatal outcome is death . Fortunately , specialized care by a professional health care provider will help in the prevention of neonatal herpes .
Most pregnant women with herpes wonder if they have to use a specific mode of delivery. Usually the choice is to opt for Cesarean delivery during normal vaginal birth. This situation is however subjective and the answer lies in whether maternal infection occurred early or late pregnancy. An indication of caesarean herpes and pregnancy is infection within the last six weeks of pregnancy. However, if the infection occurred early in pregnancy, but the mother has active sores during labor , cesarean indicated . Be the first attack of herpes during pregnancy can also call for delivery by cesarean section. The operational delivery aims to reduce contact between the baby and the mother infected genitals .
Vaginal delivery is still an option for pregnant women with herpes. It is important however to closely involve the doctor or midwife in order to protect the unborn baby. Some measures can be put in place so that the mother can manage effect. The antiviral , acyclovir , during delivery process. The drug is administered intravenously and helps reduce the risk of transmission to the baby . The baby itself can be given acyclovir after birth. Second, the doctor will minimize invasive instrumentation during delivery. Procedures such as fetal blood sampling and fetal scalp electrodes for monitoring are discouraged as they increase the chances of infection. Similarly , artificial rupture of the bag of waters is risky as natural protection against infection lost. Assisted vaginal delivery in the form of use of vacuum can cause breaks in the baby’s scalp that leads to infection.
Clearly, herpes and pregnancy requires specialized care for a healthy pregnancy outcome . The easiest way to manage any disease process is to prevent its initial appearance. Pregnant women and everyone else for that matter should use protection during sexual contact. If the couple has herpes should abstain from sexual intercourse until the outbreak ends in order to prevent infection. On the other hand, a good care of your baby after birth also decrease the risk of perinatal infection. Since the oral and genital herpes can infect babies, maintaining hand hygiene when handling the baby needed. If a cold sore , avoid kissing the baby. Herpes during pregnancy can be managed well with positive results.
article provided by www.pregnancytestaccuracy.org